Russian folklore Kama

Kama has always been the richest treasury of folklore. Russian folk tradition of the edge of different variety of poetry, prose and music genres. The region is portrayed in prose genres of folklore: stories, legends, fairy tales. A rich reservoir of folk art are small genres zaklichki, sentences, riddles, proverbs and sayings. As a result of interactions with other ethnic environment in the harsh nature of the region, the Urals, there was a kind of revival of mythological traditions. In the Kama highly developed genre bylichek, short stories, often telling us about the mythological characters - the spirits of nature and buildings. Still debatable on the existence in the Kama epics. Despite the fact that complete and detailed records epics was not done, the individual texts, excerpts of plots allow folklorists argue that the tradition of epics in the Kama existed. From the epic song genre known as historical songs and ballads. Very popular in the national environment lyrical, romantic, family, soldiers, and the robber yamschitskie songs. Believers have a proliferation of Kama existed and actively religious poems, the main theme of which correlated with the subjects of the Old and New Testament, apocryphal tales and legends. Late in the genre of traditional folk ditty should be considered. Most of the stories is a love ditties, welfare, social and historical content. Sometimes jingles are included in the context of the ritual: the wires are confined to the soldiers - recruits, for the Easter entertainment on a swing - kachulnye, etc. The widespread folklore texts are included in the family and calendar rituals. There are texts in the Kama Christmas carols and grapes, oil songs. One of the characteristics of the ritual calendar of folklore - tightness of the texts of more recent origin (lyrical songs, songs) for festive and ceremonial cycle. Round dance songs - circular, prairie, kruzhalnye, spring - usually performed during the period from the Ascension to Trinity Shrovetide. Execution of gaming and round dance songs of winter - winter, Christmas - was associated with a period of Christmas holidays. Among the genres of poetry associated with family rituals, you can select songs and recruiting laments. The most detailed and varied repertory is represented in a wedding ceremony: lamentations, songs, accompanying and commenting ritual situation, Cheering and korilnye. Performance is typical of laments and funeral and memorial Kama ritual. The most common musical instrument in the Perm region in the early twentieth century. was the accordion, it has become especially popular in areas close to the factory and urban centers. Predominantly female tool was considered a balalaika. The repertoire of tunes in the repertoire of balalaika tunes are often repeated on the accordion. Known in the Kama region and some of the more archaic musical instruments such as violin, folk - a dial tone. In some areas, has been known for diamonds, it is often considered a "levy" instrument and has been associated with festivals recruits. In the northern parts of Kama played shepherd horns and trumpets. Collected in an anthology of texts written by folk ensembles and artists in the Russian villages Vereschaginskiy, Kuedinskogo, Sivinskogo, Uinskogo, Chernushinskogo, Yurlinskogo districts of Perm Krai. They give an idea of ​​the diversity and characteristics of traditional folklore Russian Perm Perm, about the features of the Permian dialect, imagery and symbolism of folklore texts.