Komi-Perm Folklore

Komi-Perm folklore - a complex system of prose and poetry genres. The most ancient mythological tales should be considered as telling about the creation of the world, the origin of animals and birds. The epic tradition is reflected in the tales of Kudym-Osh and Re-hero. Diverse traditions of the ancient population of the province - Chud. Preserved the tradition of the founders of the villages, the origin of the names of rivers, settlements, etc. One of the most popular genres of oral mythological stories - about bylichki Leshem, the water, susedke,-bath field spirit, sorcerers. Common in the Komi-Perm, and genre tales - fairy, social and domestic, animals. Rich and minor genres of folklore - proverbs patters, aphorisms, riddles. Ethnography and Folklore researcher N. Rogov in the middle of the nineteenth century. wrote about the peculiarities of poetic folklore of the Komi-Perm: "The Perm few songs in their own language, and those that exist in terms of content and the warehouse should rather be called jokes, fables. Song is in the true sense, they have adopted from the Russian. " In the Komi-Permian environment is actively performed by the texts of spiritual poems, wedding, recruiting, dance, round dance songs in Russian. However, the borrowed texts have found their place and their specificity in the context of the Komi-Permian culture. In this case the Komi-Permyak retained and archaic stratum of Russian folklore. Oral poetry of the Komi-Perm - an example of folklore in terms of bilingualism, when the same lyrics sung in Russian and their native language. Often in the execution of works we have seen a transition from the native language to Russian and vice versa. Komi-Perm folklore preserved and poetic texts in their native language - lyrical ballads and songs, wedding songs korilnye, funeral and wedding laments, dance and comic songs. The rich poetry in their native language represented in the genres of children's folklore and folklore nurturing. Folklore texts in their native language - is not only samples of the Komi-Permian poetics, they reveal the ancient symbols of folk images of the people. Another genre of traditional folklore, which is the Komi-Permyak perform in their native language - rhyme. She came into life only at the turn of the nineteenth - twentieth centuries., But gradually became extremely popular. Changes in the folk repertoire of the Komi-Perm observed in the twentieth century.: The emergence of the literary language of national intelligence has caused a surge of literary creation. Poems Komi-Permian poets left up to the folk tunes and actively performed, became truly popular. The most popular early musical instruments of the Komi-Perm include a wooden drum - drum ny. The shepherds played on the drum ny, notifying residents of the cow pasture and the return of the herd. Were known to the Komi-Perm inhabitants and a string bow instrument sigudok and simple children's chipsan whistles and flutes, pipes - otika glades. The most perfect instrument of the traditional musical-instrumental culture of the Komi-Perm - Women's multistemmed pelyany - polyannez. At pelyanah performed instrumental melodies and singing often accompanied by playing the accordion and balalaika. The second half of the nineteenth century. of the Komi-Perm extend the accordion in its various versions: talyanka, Hromka, Minorca, etc. In addition to the accordion and balalaika popular. The anthology includes only texts, performed at the Komi-Permyak language. We wanted to show the diversity and the main genres of the Komi-Perm folklore. The texts are written in different localities in different parts of the Perm region. The anthology includes tales and mythological stories of ancient population of the province - Tschudi, on the basis of the villages, are genres of children's folklore, and folklore, nurturing, and unique lyrical song and dance at the Komi-Permyak language.