Bashkir folklore

One of the most striking manifestations of the traditional culture of the Bashkirs and Tatars Tulvinskogo Riverlands was and remains folklore. A huge reservoir of national poetry up songs - җyr. Feature of the folk song tulvinskih Tatars and Bashkirs, as well as other Turkic peoples - a four song cycles, couplets, combined melody, melody. The order of couplets varied at each performance, creating a unique pattern of folk songs. For performance was characterized by improvised couplets, it depended on the identity of the perpetrator, and the specific situation. On a four-line melody sung hundreds of verses. Most of the song texts and melodies confined to family holidays and rituals: the wires into the army, weddings, visitality. The peculiarity of song lyrics was the unity of plot and meaning of several verses. It is extremely rich in folk songs, accompanying festive celebrations and entertainment - here and dance and joke and play songs. They are most often heard in spring, when large clearings were Kichko uen - evening game. In tulvinskih Tatars and Bashkirs became widespread and rhyme - Takmak, perform, usually the lungs dance tunes. A special place is occupied in the sung poetry Bait (bәet) - story of epic works of lyrical nature. Most Baitov devoted to the tragic events, describing the death of the protagonist. One of the most popular was the Bait "Sak-Sok", which tells the children, parents of the Damned. The tradition of creating and performing Baitov kept up to date. During religious festivals performed menezhety (mөnәҗәt) - religious texts in the Tatar language. The so-called minor genres of folklore - zaklichki, sentences, riddles, proverbs, omens - a special place in the traditional culture and play an important role in the lives of everyone. Until now portrayed in works of children's folklore and fiction: rhymes, teasers, sentences, uttered during the game. There have tulvinskih Tatars and Bashkirs tradition of oral prose mythological stories of creation, Islamic folk legends, and bylichki byvalschiny, fairy tales, historical legends and place names, and are now actively tulvinskih prevalent in the villages. Among the most ancient of musical instruments - small children and shepherd's pipes - kurai made from the hollow stems of umbelliferous plants. Suffice old, usually female, were regarded as an instrument of wood and iron kubyz. Back in the early twentieth century. no one country has managed without a holiday village fiddlers. The violin (skripkә) performed dance, play, lyrical melodies and ritual. Today, this tradition, unfortunately, lost. The second half of the nineteenth century. widely distributed harmonic: talyanka, Hromka, Minorca, dvuhryadka, Vyatka, Kazan, Saratov and Kasimov - this is not a complete list of popular names of this tool. The peculiarity of the local tradition was ensemble performance on different types of harmony. The relative ease and at the same time, the brightness of the sound and the bells have loved and extremely popular Vyatka accordion. Playing the accordion accompanied visitality songs, ditties and dancing. Collected in an anthology of texts written by artists and folk bands in the villages Tulvinskogo Porec - Ishimova, Berezniki, Sarashi, Tanyp, Tyundyuk, Bichurin, Bardabashka, Syuzyan, Bryuzli, Elpachiha, Konyukov, Ust-Tuntor, Iskir Bardymskogo district of the Perm region. They provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the rich heritage of traditional Turkish culture Kama.