Udmurt folklore

Buiskikh Udmurt folklore - the most striking phenomena of traditional culture that has survived to this day. This is a unique fusion of carefully preserved ancient forms of their own heritage and the experience of neighboring nations, perceived in a new home. This alloy has led to the richness and diversity of the Udmurt folklore. Legends, fairy tales and conspiracies, proverbs, lyric songs, funeral and wedding tunes, humorous and dance - there is life and history of an entire people, the destiny of every person from birth to death. Of the prose genres of folklore Buiskikh Udmurt most interesting mythological stories of the many dedicated to the spirits of nature and buildings. Legends tell of the phenomena of nature, human interaction and the higher powers of the deities of the pantheon of traditional Udmurt: the supreme god Inmar, his assistant Kylchine, the mother of the sun-Shunde maxima. From the ancient religious and mythological beliefs and ritual practices associated Udmurt prayers, petitions (kuriskon), addressed to the gods, they were performed by the priests during the prayers and sacrifices. There are also tales, short stories, a kind of parable. Known for a series of fairy tales, the protagonist of which - a rustic, but the clever and cunning Aldar Agay. Variety of different genres of folklore and small - riddles, proverbs and sayings. In the Udmurt villages continue to prevail Kama toponymic and historical traditions, which tell about the time of Udmurtia of Permian land, based on the first villages. The bulk of folk song tunes up gÿy confined to the various rites of the family cycle: the wires into the army (saldat gÿy Kael), wedding (Xuan gÿy) visitality (Kuno / kyno gÿy), burial, and remembrance of the dead (Kael gÿy). The text of the melody, as a rule - a series of quatrains, which are selected depending on the artist and the particular situation. Each verse is a complete composition. The texts of deep meaning, revealing the world of people, based on traditional symbols and images. Melodies of ritual chants are unique. Along with strong melodies portrayed in the ancient ritual chants ancestors (mőyy gÿy, peres gÿy). A separate genre of poetic folk music - lyrical songs. Quick ritmizirovannye couplets, often humorous and dance, received the name Takmak and melodies to which they are performed, often referred to as gÿy captcha - easy, fun tune or ecton gÿy - dance-tune. Folk music Buiskikh Udmurt inconceivable without the singing traditions of the neighboring Tatar and Bashkir populations. Buiskikh Udmurts took over at the neighbors, not only melody but the lyrics have become extremely popular of Tatar and Bashkir lyrical songs. Modern repertoire Udmurt villages mosaic: in addition to traditional tunes Udmurt performed original songs, songs of the Tatar and Russian languages. Until the early twentieth century. No holiday village has managed without a violin, often performed her dance tunes. Now in Udmurt villages violin almost never occurs. Already in the late nineteenth century. have appeared Buiskikh Udmurt accordion - she also performed at dance and humorous tunes. In the anthology contains texts that reveal the originality of the prose, poetry and folk music Udmurt Kama, they are recorded by singers and folk ensembles Udmurt villages Big Gondyr, Gojan, Union, Kipchak and Kirghiz Kuedinskogo district of the Perm region.