Mari folklore

Folklore of the Perm Mari is rich in archaic features and a variety of genres, it is carefully preserved centuries-old heritage of the traditional spiritual culture. Among the prose genres are historical and toponymic legends, mythological stories, legends and fairy tales. Small genres are represented in riddles, proverbs and sayings. There is also a children's folklore. Mythological stories are devoted to the spirits of nature and buildings, the interaction of human and natural forces. The ancient religious and mythological ideas and rituals are reflected in a significant number of texts on the traditional gods of the pagan pantheon - the Great God Kugo Jumo and his assistant, Shokcho angel, an evil spirit Keremet. From the ancient religious and mythological beliefs and ritual practices connected and Mari-prayer petitions, which were performed during the prayers to the gods and sacrifices. In the distinctive poetry, Mari highlights the ceremonial ringing Muro, they most often performed during family rituals. Feature Mari folklore as folklore of other peoples of the Volga and Ural regions, - existence of the special characteristic of each ritual, chant, which combines cycles of a four verses. Depending on the situation in the execution sequence of verses could be varied. Chant sÿan Muro accompanied wedding nekrt Muro, Muro uzhatymash soldier - seeing the soldiers, the family kolsho Muro sounded at funerals and memorial ceremonies, accompanied una Muro visitality relatives. During the wedding, for example, necessarily performed ceremonial wedding songs, the texts thanks for the invitation to the ceremony, praised the young, especially the bride and the parents of the newlyweds. In the tradition of the Mari weddings not only walked in the house of the parents of bride and groom, but also avoided the homes of relatives. Guests at the wedding feast was also decided to invite special verses. In addition to ritual, known and other genres of folk music, which too often were called Muro tunes, or the family. Among these tunes was especially popular street melody uremia Muro, performed during the street festivals. Widespread dance and comic songs. Rich, and in his own unique lyrical folk Mari Kama. For the lyrical melodies characteristic of improvisation. Mari tunes for the most part have a lingering intonation, more rhythmic dance songs and ditties. Mari ditties were close to Russian and began to actively propagate to the end of the nineteenth century. Original and archaic instrumental musical heritage Mari. Sylvenskie Maris retained the ancient musical instruments - bagpipes (shÿvyr), drum (tÿmyr) and the tradition of the game to them. Such tools are not common in other nations of the Perm region. Instrumental Mari was closely related to the song and dance creativity. Under the bagpipe and drum performed songs and dance tunes for weddings and wires recruits. Musicians were considered the most honored guests at village festivals. Later, ancient musical instruments were gradually superseded by the accordion and balalaika. Balalaika and today is one of the favorite tools in the festive culture of Mari Kama. Collected in an anthology of texts written by artists and folk ensembles in the villages of Mari Vaskino, Ivankovo, Red Meadow, Syzganka, Tebenyaki Suksun district of the Perm region. These texts provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the folk heritage of the ancient people of Perm.